The prime minister pushes "double creation" and "Internet +" to help "13th Five-Year" employment.
Source: Date:2018-08-07

(data map) Li Keqiang visited the Ministry of human resources and social security in May 6, 2016, and discussed the staff working on the employment situation of migrant workers. In charge of the first quarter, the employment situation of migrant workers is generally smooth but there is still a hidden worry. The prime minister gives them a "recruit": to increase the service industry to absorb the employability of migrant workers; to accelerate the employment of migrant workers on the spot. Promote the industrial transformation and space transformation of their employment. The plan of "13th Five-Year" is put forward to implement the strategy of employment priority. To implement more active employment policies, create more jobs, focus on solving structural employment contradictions, encourage employment with entrepreneurship, and achieve more full and high quality employment. Employment is the bottom line of our country's development, and the leaders of the party and the state have pointed out on many occasions that the slowdown in economic growth will be acceptable as long as there is no big fluctuations in employment. "Our country has always attached great importance to the employment work, and the employment priority strategy has been established since 12th Five-Year." Zhou Tianyong, a professor at the Central Party school, said. Zhou Tianyong points out that this is because employment is the foundation of the people's livelihood. Without stable employment, development is doomed unsustainable; without high quality employment, the people are doomed to not be happy. At present, the world economy is still growing weak, China's economic growth has slowed down, and the production capacity is gradually entering the stage of substantive operation. Although the employment situation in China is generally stable, it is also faced with the challenge of undiminished total amount pressure and more prominent structural contradictions. Looking forward to "13th Five-Year", however, employment still has a large number of favorable factors. The first is that China's economic growth remains in a reasonable range. Experts point out that, as long as China's GDP growth rate is not less than 6%, the annual new employment in cities and towns can remain above 10 million people - in 2006, China's GDP growth was 10.7%, and the increment of GDP was over 3 billion yuan in that year. In 2015, China's GDP increased by 6.9%, and the GDP increment of the year reached more than 4 billion yuan. That is to say, although the growth rate is slow, the increment is still undiminished and the effect on employment is still strong. At the same time, Zheng Dongliang, director of the Labor Science Research Institute of the Ministry of human resources and social security, pointed out that the change of China's industrial structure is also turning to the direction of employment growth - the contribution rate of service industry to employment is about 20%. In 2004, the employment proportion of the third industry in China was 30.6%, and the employment personnel were more than 2.2 billion. In 2014, the employment proportion of the third industry in China was 40.6% and the employment staff was 310 million; by the end of 13th Five-Year, the employment ratio of service industry was likely to reach 50%. In addition, the policies of the state, especially the public entrepreneurship and all kinds of innovation policies, have no negligible contribution to employment. Zhou Tianyong said that entrepreneurship has a strong impact on employment, and the average number of employees in each venture or project is 8.44. From the early stage of the internet shop to the various forms of "Internet +", from the return of college students to start a pig farm to a barber to start a chain of household service companies, a variety of new industries continue to emerge. The report on the status quo of China's youth entrepreneurship published by the Department of labor shows that 44.5% of the entrepreneurial projects are in a state of profit, 42.1% of the project profit and loss balance, and obvious to employment. China has actively changed the functions of the government and promoted the reform of the commercial system, and the release of the dividend has also greatly promoted employment. According to statistics, in 2015, the average new registered enterprises were more than 10 thousand households per day. Xin Changxing, Deputy Minister of the Ministry of human affairs, said the structural contradiction of employment remains prominent and will exist for a long time. For example, the phenomenon of difficult employment and the coexistence of recruiting workers is the embodiment of the structural contradiction of employment. Chen Yu, vice president of the China Employment Promotion Association, pointed out that the promotion of the quality of employment lies in the development, especially the industrial transformation and upgrading, and the creation of more middle and high end posts. In addition, in Europe and the United States, Japan, Korea and other developed countries and regions, the main body of the middle income population is the mechanic, that is, the "senior blue collar". Therefore, our country must speed up the development of middle and high end manufacturing industry, and strengthen and improve vocational training at the same time.

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