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Will the output value exceed trillion LED in 5 years?

Time:2018-11-19 FONT:bigMinmin


Ji'nan daily news, in October 7th last year, the Nobel prize for physics was awarded to three scientists in Japan and the United States in recognition of their invention of Blu ray LED technology. This brings the semiconductor lighting to the public view, and is also the biggest affirmation of the value of semiconductor lighting industry. The award speech reads: "incandescent lights illuminate twentieth Century, while LED lights will illuminate twenty-first Century."

In recent years, the LED industry has developed rapidly and now occupies about 16% of the domestic lighting market share. However, the figure is still 30% to 50% from developed countries in Europe and the United States. In early 2013, the six ministries and commissions of the national development and Reform Commission jointly issued the "semiconductor lighting energy conservation industry plan", vigorously promoting the healthy and rapid development of LED industry nationwide. As early as in 2008, Shandong Province issued the "opinions on accelerating the development of semiconductor lighting industry".

LED lighting (semiconductor lighting) has high technology content, low resource consumption and little environmental pollution, and is considered to be the future of human lighting. But in the years of development and application, the brightness of LED lights has not completely "entered" reality. The reasons are not only the shortage of technology, but also the confusion of industry. And the rapid development of LED lighting industry in the future can not be separated from two points: one is the technological progress of the industry itself; the two is the strong support of the government policy.

In March 2010, the street lights of the 2.9 km section of Kaiyuan Road in Licheng District were replaced by high-pressure sodium lamps for LED super high carbon and low carbon street lamps. The road became the first LED lighting demonstration road in Ji'nan. According to the expert's on-site test, the technical indexes meet the requirements of "urban lighting design standard" and the technical specifications of the project, and the energy saving effect is more than 50%. At that time, it was called "a good start for the establishment of a green lighting system in Ji'nan in 2010".

The Ji'nan Electronics Technology Co., Ltd. According to Zhang Ming, deputy general manager of the company, a few years passed. Unfortunately, the lighting condition of the road was "regrettable." because of the special circumstances of the open source road, there are more logistics trucks and heavy engineering vehicles. In recent years, these LED street lamps have been seriously damaged and have not received the expected results.

This is also similar to the promotion of LED lamps in our city at present. In recent years, Ji'nan has also carried out LED lighting promotion work to varying degrees, but the situation seems not satisfactory.

Advantages of LED lights

Saving power of a Three Gorges power station every year

LED lamps are sweeping the global lighting market with rapid momentum. In the 12th Five-Year plan, energy conservation, emission reduction, green lighting, Internet of things, smart city and ten cities are regarded as the focus of development. The release of these policies has laid a strong foundation for the realization of LED intelligent lighting.

Compared with traditional lighting, energy saving and durability are the biggest advantages of LED lamps. In the case of luminance, the energy consumption of LED lamps is only about 1/3 to 1/6 of fluorescent lamps, and its life expectancy is 5 to 10 times that of China.

Safety is also one of the advantages of LED lamps.

Most of the voltage of LED lamp is between 12V-24V, and it will not endanger human life. It can effectively protect eyesight, and its technical aspects are also maturing.

Broad market prospects

The output value will exceed one trillion yuan in 5 years. In March 2013, Panasonic lighting announced that it would withdraw from the domestic fluorescent lamp market within two years, and switch all the products into LED lighting.

A "China LED lighting industry market outlook and investment strategic planning analysis report" released last year by the foresight Industry Research Institute shows that in the next 5 years, domestic LED lighting will be in a period of rapid growth, and its output value will total more than 1 trillion yuan. In the next 5 years, the penetration rate of LED lighting may exceed 80%, and the output value will maintain annual compound growth rate of more than 25%.

At present, China has initially formed 4 major semiconductor lighting industry gathering areas in the Pearl River Delta, the Yangtze River Delta, the northern region, Jiangxi and Fujian. Each region has initially formed a relatively complete industrial chain, and more than 85% of the LED enterprises in the country are distributed in these areas. In addition, the Ministry of science and technology has approved the establishment of 7 industrial bases in Xiamen, Shanghai, Dalian, Nanchang, Shenzhen, Yangzhou and Shijiazhuang.

LED lighting has broad market prospects. Since 2014, China's LED industry has gradually developed from maturity to maturity. The scale of the industry has been further expanded, the market penetration has been gradually improved, and it has been widely used in landscape lighting, road lighting, commercial lighting and other fields, and has accelerated penetration to household lighting.

LED, head of the Specialized Committee, has revealed that China has become the world's most important LED lighting production base by the end of 2009, and will have broader market space in the future.

Defects and worries

The common confusion of product industry

However, there are many constraints in the development of LED industry. Among them, standardization and product homogenization are the most serious problems.

Lack of industry standard

Our country has not yet formed a perfect LED industry standard. Now there are many manufacturers of LED street lights, and the modules of each manufacturer are not unified. Without standardization, there will be a series of problems in the links of production, sale, circulation and use. The products of different manufacturers, whether they are light sources or electrical appliances, especially the size of electric apparatus and the current and voltage classification of joint drive, are all different. This will bring a lot of inconvenience to the promotion of LED lamps.

Homogenization competition is serious.

China's LED industry has a large number of enterprises, and overall progress has been made, but the scale of enterprises is generally small, and lack of leading enterprises. As most LED manufacturers hand over product development and main module production to programme providers, the entry threshold of LED industry is reduced, and market competition is fierce. The products are basically in the stage of copying each other. Homogenization competition caused price war four, and lack of benchmarking.

Brand, the scale of enterprises is difficult to grow, and the industry lacks credibility.

Limited scope of application

"Although the investment and capacity expansion of China's LED industry is accelerating, 70% of them are concentrated in the downstream integration applications, lacking upstream core technology and uneven product quality." Shenzhen a technology company insiders said that many cities in China are now carrying out LED lighting demonstration projects and alternative projects, but LED road lighting is also limited to branch roads, community roads and pedestrian streets with limited application scope.

The LED industry is expanding, but it is also accompanied by confusion. Dou Linping, Secretary General of the China Illuminating society, said in a recent industry forum that there were about more than 20000 LED lighting enterprises in China, and the output value of the lighting market was about 500 billion yuan, 3

The survival rate may be only 25% after the year.

Facing the increasingly fierce competition in the LED market, OSRAM, PHILPS, Samsung and other international giants have chosen to do subtraction, more focused and more focused survival. For the vast number of small and medium-sized enterprises in China, this is the development opportunity and survival challenge of the LED industry. Enterprises should identify their own position and find their own way of existence and space.

The status quo of Ji'nan's industry: small scale, difficulty in promotion, and overall backwardness.

It is worth mentioning that in the major cities of the country LED industry is booming, while Ji'nan and even Shandong's related industries are lagging behind. "This is not in line with our economic province and strong economic province". Ge Jiannan, chairman of Shandong Jinghua Optoelectronic Technology Co., Ltd. introduced that the state requires LED lighting to reach about 20% of the market share, but Ji'nan is less than 5%, and is also lagging behind Qingdao, Weifang and other places in the province.

At present, many cities in China, including inland cities such as Nanchang, and even many Midwestern county-level cities, almost all public lighting is replaced by LED lights. However, due to the interests of departments and so on, Ji'nan has many obstacles in promoting LED lighting.

In 2013, more than 1000 street lamps on the Second Ring Road West of Ji'nan were replaced by high-pressure sodium lamps for LED lights. This is also one of the few roads that use LED lighting in Ji'nan. Its investment is Jinghua Photoelectric Technology Co., Ltd. Ge Jiannan said that these streetlights can save 7 million degrees of electricity in 5 years.

One industry insider said that haze badly affected Ji'nan, especially the need to promote LED lighting, and save 0.35 kilowatt of standard coal and one kilogram of carbon dioxide emissions per kilowatt hour. About 200 thousand street lamps in Ji'nan consume 15 million degrees of electricity per month. After lighting with LED, it can save at least half of the electricity consumption and save electricity by 67 million yuan. Ji'nan, which is really engaged in LED lighting research and development and production, has a very small scale. It also faces non-standard market competition and industry interests:

Unreasonable price competition

As one of the earliest LED lighting enterprises in Ji'nan, Bao Da Da also believes that the development of LED industry in Ji'nan is "very general" at present. "LED lamps and lanterns are invested in a large scale at a time, and the cost is high, while users are single in pursuit of low cost. Many small foreign companies are too low in price, and the quality of products is not guaranteed. Faced with vicious competition, local formal enterprises are unable to concentrate on R & D and production of products. Coupled with insufficient government support, these reasons have led to the fact that the LED industry in Ji'nan is still below its proper scale. Barriers to industry interest groups

If the urban lighting is replaced by LED, there will be no place to maintain the specialized maintenance team set up by the urban high-pressure sodium lamp, and the financial department will lose the maintenance cost of each lamp according to the standard of several hundred yuan per year, and it will naturally be obstructed and opposed by the relevant personnel. This is also a common problem in other cities throughout the country.

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